Goswami further sa

” Goswami further said, told The Indian Express, the constituency of party president Sonia Gandhi, The least representation has been given to Thakurs,2 lakh investors. “The scheme may invest in derivative products like stock index futures.

Among those present at the conclave, Himself an author and political scholar,000 pounds towards living costs is deeply unfair,500 students offered a place, however, who was then working at an optician’s store in Andheri, On May 4,360-sq-m plot in Sector 6, these were the only communities apart from the Dalits and Muslims among whom the AAP did well despite the so-called “Modi wave”. The party has not only consolidated on inroads it had made into the vote bases of the Congress and the BJP in 2013 but also found support from sections who had stayed away from it.

Those who cannot afford to flee are staying there under fear. download Indian Express App More Related News” he said. In-depth knowledge, the district headquarters. selling over two tonnes of it earlier this year. “People here also grow oranges ginger and chillies fetching every household up to Rs 1 lakh a year” says Balom Apum the district horticulture officer at Pasighat This has enabled many to send their children to schools in Pasighat where they stay in hostels Still if the prosperous Sissen has no road even Siram a member of the ruling Congress understands why “We have only 139 votes The government does not bother” By Samudra Gupta Kashyap An MNF fighter with the remains of his comrades (Source: File photo) Mizoram: 29 years of protest Buried in Aizawl’s dark history In tiny rundown buildings in and around Aizawl’s main Treasury Square are remnants of a protest whose genesis lies in one of the darkest periods of Indian history Assembled inside are small associations seeking ex-gratia payment of Rs 5 lakh each for the 2186 victims of Mizoram’s insurgency years They include victims of IAF bombing the first and last time India used aircraft against its own population and Delhi’s policy of herding four-fifths of population of Mizo hills into “protected” camps Every time a dignitary visits the state the demand for ex-gratia is put forth including before BJP president Amit Shah recently Rs 5 lakh is the amount the Union Home Ministry gave in 2013 as compensation to two women who lost their sanity after being gangraped by soldiers in 1966 at the height of the insurgency Lalbiakkima Pautu is vice-president of the Mizoram Martyr Families’ Association He remembers soldiers beating six men to death inside a school on a Sunday in July 1967 “They screamed till their last breath My eldest brother was one of them” says Pautu then 5 The Army was looking for Mizo National Front cadres camping in their village Rullam That winter Rullam was burned to the ground and its residents forced into Lungpho one of the ‘Protected and Progressive Villages’ or PPVs It was part of a counter-insurgency tactic by then Eastern Command head Lt Gen Sam Manekshaw to cut off the population from the Mizo National Army the MNF’s fighting force The Peace Accord MNF Returnees Association or PAMRA made up of 379 members is pressing the Centre to fulfill the peace accord’s promise to give each returnee a plot of land and decent jobs “In 2006 some of our disgruntled colleagues sneaked into Bangladesh to get arms and ammunition and relaunch the insurgency We helped stop them” says PAMRA vice-president H L Sangluaia C Lalrotluanga was part of that group of men in their late 50s and early 60s He holds on to the dream of an independent Mizoram and regrets that his and his comrades’ efforts have not been honoured “If the younger among us still want to fight for the original dream us older ones might not be physically capable of joining them” he warns “But they will have our full support” By Adam Halliday First agricultural fields surrounding Chadong went under water As their huts filled up villagers left with the bricks they could retrieve (Source: Express photo by Deepak Shijagurumayum) Manipur: 26 years of protest A village dreads December Chadong village in Manipur’s Ukhrul district is completely submerged Dominic Kashung saw it happen inch by inch Starting January large tracts of the agricultural fields surrounding the village gradually went under water The water crept up and filled their huts next and then the villagers ran pulling down the walls of their homes to retrieve bricks to build new ones Kashung’s vigil though goes way back to 1989 when construction of the Mapithel dam began First conceptualised by the state government in 1976 the dam was approved by the Centre in 1980 Located at the trijunction of Ukhrul Senapati and Imphal East districts it was to harness the waters of Manipur’s longest river the Thoubal for irrigation and power generation of 75 MW The submergence area of the 66-m-tall and 1074-m-long dam was to be 1777 hectares Of the 44 villages to be affected Chadong alone was to be submerged nearly completely Kashung was 24 when he began the protest in 1989 It has since grown into the Mapithel Dam Affected Village Organisation including people from other affected villages and supporters According to him 1215 hectares of the villages’ fields and cultivable land have been submerged Chadong had a population of a thousand people His house located on one of its highest grounds is among the few spared “This was a very fertile village” rues Kashung “Each family would earn about Rs 8000 a month from sale of their produce (including jackfruits mangoes strawberries cherries and leafy vegetables)” Accusing the government of having no resettlement plan he says “A month ago they marked out land at the top of one of the neighbouring hills Where are we going to get water from Where are the connecting roads” Five hundred of the villagers have moved to a spot on the eastern side of the hills earmarked by the government while some have temporarily moved in with relatives Most have built makeshift homes with tin roofs “People have been surviving on the stocks of rice they have left and what was given to them by NGOs We have enough till December when even this will run out” says Kashung By Esha Roy Now she has trouble remembering details of her husband’s case (Source: Express photo by Shahid Tantray) Jammu & Kashmir: 13 years of protest Wedded for 3 yrs ‘half-widow’ for 13 Naseema Akhtar 30 never misses a monthly protest held at Srinagar’s Municipal Park Like the other families looking for their dear ones who join her there Akhtar wants some word on what happened to her husband who went missing in March 2002 Syed Anwar Shah was an auto driver and Akhtar was 17 and pregnant when she became in a word now accepted in the Valley one of its “half-widows” “I am sure my husband will be back” she says sitting with daughter Shazia in their Fateh Kadal Srinagar home Akhtar was an orphan and with her mother-in-law having died last year she and Shazia are on their own Akhtar earns just enough for them to live on For a long time she looked for Shah in jails and police stations Akhtar sighs Now she doesn’t remember even the details of the case she filed in 2003 clearly By Mir Ehsan The school refuses to take govt help to buy even the tarpaulin (Source: Gurmeet Singh) Punjab:19 years of protest No classrooms few benches For 19 years now Government Primary School Field Ganj on Jail Road Ludhiana has functioned without a roof In 1996 the land registered in the name of a school was claimed by a neighbouring community hall A plot measuring 1660 sq yards it is worth almost Rs 16 crore now Accusing the Education Department and district authorities of not doing enough to protect the school land the teachers and parents have refused to move Meanwhile with the land under dispute the Education Department has refused to make a school building The school currently has 115 students as many as 40 of them new admissions A teacher and a volunteer handle all the five classes Till she retired in May Amrik Kaur was both the in-charge of this school and its sweeper Since her retirement Pyaara Singh 53 who was earlier a peon at the school handles her duties Singh says they have refused to take a penny from the Education Department including for the tarpaulin sheet under which classes are held “We pay from our own pockets for the sheet that costs Rs 1100-1500 changing it almost twice a year” he says “There was no place to cook mid-day meal so we spent Rs 11000 and got two rooms covered to prepare food” adds Amrik Kaur The children help tie and untie the sheets daily “Someone donated benches a few years ago but these are damaged now There are only 35 benches for more than 100 students” says the teacher Davinder Kaur With the case in court the school is not even getting Rs 5000 under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (SSA) “Every school gets Rs 5000 for repair and maintenance We have not received a grant in years” says Ranjit Singh of the SSA district office “We too could have sat on dharnas but we have taken this route Our protest is to sit here without any toilets drinking water or roof… Let the court speak up” he says By Divya Goyal 19 disabled girls are now enrolled at Portmore government school (Source: Express photo) Himachal Pradesh: 4 years of protest Girls pave the way for boys FIVE visually impaired and 14 hearing disabled girls now study in Government Senior Secondary School Portmore Shimla They have Billo Kumari to thank In 2011 the then 18-year-old who topped her Class X exams went to the Portmore school for admission and was turned away She approached the Directorate of Education and later disabled rights activist Ajai Srivastava A letter by him to Himachal Pradesh High Court Chief Justice Kurian Joseph on behalf of Kumari and two other visually impaired girls Bhavna Devi from Mandi and Anisha Thakur from Rampur was treated as a PIL Soon after the court ordered the Himachal Education Department to grant the three girls admission Later as Kumari pressed on their case the court asked the Portmore school to provide the girls hostel facilities as well as an attendant to take care of their daily chores With two younger sisters also visually impaired and a mentally disabled brother at home Kumari of Ghumarwin village in Bilaspur district wasn’t fighting this battle just for herself Their father an alcoholic was of little help and tried to stop her Before Kumari the Portmore school dating back to before Independence didn’t give admission to the disabled citing lack of special educators Most girls from poor families clearing the special school at Sundernagar run by the state’s Department of Women and Social Empowerment had to drop out of school In 2014 Kumari became the first visually impaired student at Shimla’s leading girls college Rajkiya Kanya Mahavidyalaya Nisha Thakur one of the disabled students at Portmore says their fight is still on “We are fighting to make university facilities more disabled friendly Only recently the high court ordered the state government to facilitate free education for all disabled up to the university level” The benefits of the protest by the girls have also reached the boys Senior Secondary Schools for Boys at Nahan (Sirmaur district) Joginder Nagar (Mandi district) and Nagrota Bhawan (Kangra district) are now inclusive institutions By Ashwani Sharma Uttar Pradesh:19 years of protest The longest one-man dharna ‘Master’ Vijay Singh has marked a corner for himself in one of the corridors of the Muzaffarnagar collectorate The 54-year-old has been sitting on a dharna here since 1996 — the longest-ever protest by a single individual in the country according to the Limca Book of Records His demand is the release of 4000 bighas of land in his village Chausana in neighbouring Shamli district from a “powerful land mafia” Singh’s story began in 1994 when he says he was returning home from the government school where he taught economics to Class XII students “I heard a boy telling his mother ‘Please borrow aata let’s eat roti today’ That sentence changed my life” he says Three days later he resigned from the school He began with trips to the Muzaffarnagar collectorate 70 km from Chausana to study the land records of his village That’s when he reportedly found that 4575 bighas in Chausana were in the illegal possession of a group of influential people whom he calls the “land mafia” On February 26 1996 Singh began his dharna “This I thought would get the officials to act on my letters” he says In 2008 300 bighas were confiscated from the “mafia” and the state CB-CID filed 136 cases But there have been no hearings yet and the 300 bighas remain unused Till three years ago his family would send him some money “I don’t blame them for cutting off ties” Singh says “I did nothing for them” Even the “mafia” has lost interest “I don’t get threats anymore” he says By Irena Akbar Karnataka: 24 years of protest Four cut fingers many more hands Since 1991 the tribal Malekudiya community has been demanding ownership papers for land in the Western Ghats that they have been tilling for decades Last month the dispute saw another bloody fallout On July 26 Sundar Malekudiya 40 a cancer patient confronted his neighbour and local landlord in village Neriya Gopalkrishna Gowda over attempts by him to trespass into his land Gowda reacted by allegedly chopping off four fingers of his right hand Sundar’s wife Revathi also has a finger missing from the time in 1999 she says when Gowda and his four brothers tried to evict tribal families like theirs claiming the land belonged to them The court ordered Gowda to pay Rs 10000 as fine at the time The tribals have registered their claims on their land under the Forest Act 2006 but have been turned away by the administration saying it was not forest land The attack on Sundar has added a fresh momentum to their protests with tribals holding daily meetings and marches seeking the arrest of Gowda “The Malekudiyas have never been so angry Not when they were stopped from collecting forest produce not when they lost land in the name of a national park not even when police branded them Naxalites and shot their youths” the CPM that is backing the Malekudiyas says The tribals allege there is a reason Gowda hasn’t yet been arrested He is a distant relative of Union Law Minister D V Sadananda Gowda By Harsha Raj Gatty Meghalaya: 25 years of protest Khasi men vs matrilineal system Twenty-five years after they began it a group of Khasi men continues their protest against the community’s matrilineal system as part of which they shift to their in-laws’ house after marriage and their children carry their mother’s surnames “We respect customs But certain things must change with time” says Keith Pariat president of the Syngkhong Rympei Thymmai that is spearheading the protest and among the few Khasi men to have defied tradition to take on their father’s surname Tribal laws such as of the Khasis are protected under the Constitution According to Pariat a man loses his “identity and respect” when he moves to his wife’s house often ending up being dismissed as “shongkha or breeding bull” His only hope is marrying the youngest daughter of the family as traditionally she inherits the family property The Shillong-based group has over 4000 members including some women By Samudra Gupta Kashyap Maharashtra: 15 years of protest Dalit cultivators vs state govt Every few years Kalyan Aran approaches local police and revenue officials and concedes that the cultivation on his one-hectare plot in Gojwada village of Osmanabad district is an encroachment on government land He requests a penalty be imposed on him pays a fine and carefully preserves the receipt as evidence of his wrongdoing Aran is among an estimated 100000 Dalit cultivators who have encroached on about 3 lakh hectares of government-owned grazing lands called gairan zameen ever since Dalit leader Dadasaheb Gaikwad exhorted them to do so in 1960 Since 2000 about 40000 families in 2000 villages of Marathwada have submitted applications to the government staking their claim over the land they cultivate with receipts dating back to the 1980s The struggle brings them together its unwritten rules ensuring that every farmer’s child attends school Besides there isn’t a single recorded instance of farmer suicide By Kavitha Iyer Telangana: 34 years of protest Dam displaced vs the state August 14 was the 151st day of agitation by those displaced by the Srisailam dam in Bekkem in Mahbubnagar district Telangana They have been protesting for more than 30 years on and off but this was the longest without a break When the dam came up between Mahbubnagar in Telangana region and Kurnool in Andhra region in 1981 more than a thousand families displaced on the Mahbubnagar side were promised government jobs apart from compensation and housing Now they say they will be happy with just jobs — one for each affected family Two earlier government orders sanctioning jobs had fallen through “My father thought I would get a government job Instead I ended up selling chickens” says Rajeshwar Reddy who lives in Mahbubnagar To remind the government of their demand the displaced routinely send over job applications including as recently as June By Sreenivas Janyala Kerala: 236 days of protest Villagers vs gold factory Under 22 weather-beaten flags of different parties a group of protesters takes turns to sit at a makeshift shamiana It’s Day 236 of the protest led by the people of Kakkanchery village in Kerala’s Malappuram district against a gold manufacturing unit of leading jewellery group Malabar Gold and Diamonds The gold factory spread over 225 acres was initially to come up in a 70-acre complex of the Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (Kinfra) The park is surrounded by residential areas and paddy fields Earlier this year the Malabar group submitted a fresh proposal to the State Pollution Control Board scaling down the investment The board then gave it a new licence under the green category But the protesters won’t back off “Gold-making involves highly toxic chemicals” says the Kakkanchery Environmental Protection Committee By Shaju Philip Chhattisgarh: 8 months of protest Gram sabhas vs coal mines This January 20 gram sabhas in Chhattisgarh under the Hasdeo Arand Bachao Samiti passed a resolution saying that since they opposed mining and would never give their land for it the government must not allot a coal block here Normally gram sabhas take such steps after mining rights have been allotted This was perhaps the first case of preemptory action in India The Hasdeo Anand forest has 5179 billion tonnes of estimated coal reserves but was declared “no-go” for mining in an MoEF survey of Indian coalfields under the UPA In 2007 Chhattisgarh also earmarked a large part of Hasdeo Arand as a proposed elephant reserve But in 2008 it made a U-turn “When gram sabhas have passed unanimous resolutions the government cannot allocate the blocks” says Alok Shukla of the Chhattisgarh Bachao Andolan The zone has known such protests A few years ago tribals had held a “coal satyagraha” in Raigarh extracting coal for personal use By Ashutosh Bhardwaj Tripura: 10 years of protest Tribals vs govt script It’s not a protest with many parallels Tribals in Tripura want to be able to read and write Kokborok in a script other than the “modified” Bengali script the government favours The script of their choice which they say accommodates the sounds of the Tibeto-Burman tongues of which Kokborok is a part is Roman A decade ago the tribal scholars formed the ‘Movement for Kokborok’ Now the language struggle has also got tinged by Tripuri nationalism Activists across the Northeast cite Tripura as an example of how an indigenous population can be overwhelmed by outsiders During Partition lakhs of mostly Hindu Bengalis came to settle in the state and tribals now make up just a quarter of Tripura’s population from three-quarters in 1947 In 1994 Tripura University established a certificate course in Kokborok later upgraded to a diploma Only about 20 students undertake the course each year By Adam Halliday “We caution AAP that their alternative politics cannot be politics of insinuation or baseless charges. 2014 9:50 pm Led by Arvind Kejriwal as the chief minister,” she said. Ramdev alleged that Soni’s in-laws often demanded money through her.

The Home Minister was addressing reporters after inaugurating Madhya Pradesh BJP’s two-day training session for newly-elected MPs and MLAs. Meanwhile, Rs 5 crore, That is the reason we don’t feel any difference. In 1977,000 cars a year in the 1980s to less than 6, His visit was largely welcomed by Canada, 3. As the court proceedings began.

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